Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is a type of head and neck cancer where malignant cancer cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx. The nasopharynx is the upper part of the pharynx (throat) behind the nose.
What is Nasopharyngeal cancer?
NPC is a common cancer among Malaysians and highly affects Malaysian men. In comparison to the rest of the world, the Malaysian Chinese male has the second highest incidence; the local Chinese women have the highest incidence in the world. In East Malaysia, the Bidayuhs and the Orang Ulus have the highest incidence of NPC.
Types of Carcinogenic
There are 3 main types of squamous cell cancers:
- Keratinising squamous cell carcinoma (WHO type 1)
- Non-keratinising-carcinoma, differentiated (WHO type 2)
- Non-keratinising carcinoma, undifferentiated (WHO type 3)
Once you have been diagnosed positive for NPC after a biopsy test, the condition will be given a stage. This vital information will help you and your healthcare team to choose the best treatment for you. The cancer stage will describe the size of the tumour and how far it has spread.
There are 4 stages of nasopharyngeal cancer: