Cancer is a complex disease with various contributing factors, and there is no single precise cause. Here are some known factors that can increase the risk of cancer:



1. Genetics

  • Inherited genetic mutations can increase the risk of certain cancers, like breast and colorectal.
  • Genetic testing may be considered for those with a strong family history of cancer.

2. Smoking

  • Smoking exposes you to over 69 cancer-causing agents.
  • Increases the risk of lung, oral, stomach, kidney, and bladder cancers.
  • Even light smoking is harmful.
  • Second-hand smoke is dangerous for non-smokers.
Sun and UV Exposure

3. Sun and UV Exposure

  • Overexposure to UV radiation from the sun or tanning beds can lead to skin cancer.
  • Fair-skinned individuals are more susceptible.
  • Use sunscreen (SPF 15 or higher), seek shade, wear protective clothing, and use UV protection.
Radiation Exposure

4. Radiation Exposure

  • Natural and man-made radiation exposure can potentially cause cancer.
  • Medical imaging, like X-rays and CT scans, involve radiation.
  • Safety measures, like lead aprons, can reduce exposure risks.


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